Mobilizations in Cañete and Tirúa put forestry companies and chilean authorities on alert


Diverse highway blockades were reported on monday on the route that connects Cañete with Tirúa in the south of Arauco, this to protest the violent and irrational police repression suffered by almost a thousand people who marched in Angol on monday in support of the werken Daniel Melinao.

The blockades were reported in Quidico, Tranaquepe and San Ramón in Tirua and in Lleu Lleu and Huentelolén in Cañete, where chilean police arrested a comunero identified as Adrián Cipriano Huaiquipán, who was released on tuesday the 17th, with monthly sign-in and a 60 day probation period.

Permanent mobilization

During the din of last week and amid a preelectoral environment, the territory around lake Lleu Lleu was stained with smoke from a huge number of fires, as much in the riverbank north of the lake, as in the interior and south, this is the sector of the La Puntilla farm, and the El Canelo farm.

These are actions of resistance against the violent advance of the forestry companies that suffocate the communities. Companies like Arauco, Mininco and Volterra occupy mapuche territory in this region with impunity, pressing chilean authorities to do away with mapuche life and consolidate their profits, through deception, repression and imprisonment.


Fires were also reported in the lands of Rihue de Huentelolén, after an eviction raid by police.

Official media like Radio BioBio say that during the night on tuesday there were reports of confrontations between unknown individuals and police, as much in the Rihue farm as in El Canelo, in the latter there were five people injured, attended to inside the communities.

This police onslaught was orchestrated by police General Iván Bezmalinovic, responsible for the murder of Jaime Mendoza Collío and author of criminal attacks on the communities of Malleco, where women, children, and the elderly were injured.

note: although the editors of La Semilla Negra take issue with the sexist language in the last sentence of this piece (the equation of women with children and the elderly as a weaker demographic), we have chosen to translate and publish it in full for its overall content and importance.

Werkén Daniel Melinao from Angol prison: “The unity of our struggle is the strength we have to resist”


Angol prison, December 16th 2013

I, Daniel Melinao Melinao, Werken of the Community of Wente Winkul Mapu, Mapuche Political Prisoner, to the Mapuche people and the public in general:

Kiñe: I thank all the peñi and lamngen who stood in solidarity today by participating in the march in the city of Angol for the beginning of my oral trial. The unity of our struggle is the strength we have as mapuche to resist.

Epu: I want to express all my solidarity with the brothers and sisters detained, beaten and repressed by the police forces of the State of Chile. This is one more display of discrimination and violence against those who rise up to defend our rights as the Mapuche People-Nation.

Küla: Hoping everything turns out alright in the trial begun today, I hope to prove my innocence and keep resisting after 8 months of unjust incarceration.

Meli: However, we do not trust in chilean justice since we have constantly seen mapuche brothers convicted without evidence in the racist courts, especially at the command of of the antimapuche prosecutor Luis Chamorro, and with the lies of the police officials paid to defend the interests of big business.

Kechu: The Political Prisoners held at Angol prison call on the Mapuche People-Nation to keep mobilizing to control our ancestral territory and defend our Ñuke Mapu from capitalist exploitation. Especially to drive out forestry and all corporations who profit from preying on our territory.

¡¡Autonomy and Territorial Control!!


Daniel Melinao Melinao
Mapuche Political Prisoner
Werken, Wente Wingkul Mapu Community

Three years since the massacre at San Miguel prison


It’s been three years since the massacre at San Miguel prison, where 81 male prisoners died. This terrible act openly exposed the critical state of the penitentiary system, the dramatic reality of the lives of prisoners in chilean jails, which for years have maintained overpopulation to the point of exceeding 300% overflow of their capacity; this is the case of the Lebu jail (with a 306% deficit in 2010) and the Buin jail (with a 600% deficit in 2010)1.

Some months before the massacre, in march 2010, the Council for Penitentiary Reform issued a report which highlights the necessity of counteracting the soaring penal population, and the deprivation of liberty as principal means of punishment. The investigation emphasized demonstrating how prison does not roll back rates of “delinquency” or much less achieve “social reinsertion” for those deprived of their freedom. However, the political class, knowing the results of this report and so many others, national and international, knowing in detail the critical conditions of the penitentiary system, puts effort into maintaining and strengthening it to the point of promoting the construction of ten new jails in the country, through a significant investment of more than $400 million in 2011, which simultaneously represented the growth of the prisoner population by an increase of 30% of the capacity of the prisons.

The prison policies of democratic governments reinforced by that of Piñera, have as their objective to consolidate social control based on the possibility for the population to be prisoners, and so to reaffirm the prison system as one of their principal dispositifs. The former is demonstrated by the explosive increase of the penitentiary population in Chile. From the reform of criminal procedure, between 1998 and 2009, from 60,990 to 106,877 people passed through the penitentiary system, representing a growth of 75%. This makes Chile the country with the largest prison population in all of Latin America.

Democratic governments lay the foundation for the people, through fear and mistrust, to validate their own cage and in this way justifies the maintenance of these human warehouses. This is the critical role played by “the media”, when given daily images of petty crime, pointing to minor robbery or theft in the street, or to microtrafficking in the towns as the principal causes of the origin of “social insecurity or public danger or the internal enemy”, even though they are lesser events than the commission of systemic violence.

The mass media manage to propagate, on the one hand, consumption through attractive advertising, but are also responsible for alarming the public about the possibility of losing everything. This is how one of the principal fears of the citizen is of losing what he consumes, of being robbed of what he acquired through hard work, through the burden of exploitation that is labor. The government knows this, and both the right and the left have won votes thanks to the common discourse of “a strong hand against crime”, but the crimes actually judged by the judiciary and dominant bourgeois and christian morals, are those which cause significantly less damage.

The laws are made NOT to punish the crimes that truly have greater social impact, because more people are affected. Fraud, torture, contamination of the environment, corruption, labor exploitation, trafficking, tax evasion, are actions by white collar men and women who nevertheless go unpunished simply because the laws were fabricated so that they are not punished or even rejected socially. Additionally the businesspeople, the politicians, the army and the religious who have committed crimes against humanity are not thrown in jail; for them there is no system of rehabilitation and continuous monitoring; and although they continuously and systematically attack the life and liberty of the people and of the community, they do not inhabit the prisons, and in the few cases where they do, the government invests a budget five times greater than what is spent for each common prisoner, to ensure their comfort. This has been the case for the few uniformed soldiers of genocide from the dictatorship who are currently in Punta Peuco. The conditions in this prison are the radical opposite, they don’t live in crowded conditions, they have visiting rights every day, the bathrooms are clean, they eat well, the guards act like their slaves, they can count on a defense, et cetera ad infinitum.

Today, almost three years since the massacre at San Miguel prison, knowing that the penitentiary system is a lucrative item for private corporations like Sodexo; knowing of the systematic violation of the most basic rights that a person deprived of liberty can have for their survival; aware of the poor state of the cells, of the hallways, of the bathrooms, of the overcrowding of both public and private prisons, knowing that on the street of the ex penitentiary there live 450 people and there are only 36 small rooms, meaning that up to 15 or 20 sleep in each, often sitting, or outdoors. Today remembering the grim assassination of the 81 prisoners of San Miguel:

We denounce the chilean state for sustaining the penitentiary system.

We denounce the chilean state for sustaining a regime of torture and systematic violation of rights.

We denounce the chilean state as ultimately responsible for the deaths of 81 men in San Miguel prison.

The prison system must end corresponding to the very politics of destruction of the dictatorial regimes. We are conscious that as the jail is a platform of transversal control, that will not discriminate among those who challenge and transgress the hegemonic systems of power: mapuche prisoners, student prisoners, undocumented prisoners, and those imprisoned for abortion, home farming, debt, piracy, protest, street sales. Prison society seizes us, and therefore it is necessary to jointly develop an anti-prison consciousness as part of our struggle.

We call on the people to integrate the end of the prison system into social demands and also to problematize the mechanisms of justice in the face of political crimes, in the face of the true terrorists who have attacked life itself and go unpunished, governing and generating the conditions that make us prisoners.

We make a fraternal call on this third anniversary to act in solidarity with the group 81 reasons to struggle, to act in solidarity with those deprived of their freedom in the chilean state, to act in solidarity with the imprisoned who suffer in isolation cells, those who have consciously resisted the dictatorship, for our children, for the 81 as well. ¡Freddy, Marcelo and Juan to the streets!

We call on this december 8th to express actions of solidarity with those in cages, as much in youth and adult jails as in psychiatry hospitals, to act in solidarity through visits, correspondence and protest. We call to break down the mental and physical walls that separate us.


Support network for justice for the 81

note: the 2010 San Miguel prison fire in Santiago, reportedly started by burning mattresses during an altercation between rival prison gangs, was accompanied by reports that prison guards initially prevented local firefighters from entering the prison. It ultimately took three hours to bring the fire under control. The incident drew attention to overcrowding throughout the Chilean prison system – at the time of the fire, San Miguel housed 1,654 inmates; its official capacity is 892.

Sabotage against trucks in response to the conviction of youths of Chekenko


A new action of sabotage against capitalist interests was carried out by unknowns in the vicinity of Collipulli. They burned two trucks in the estate of the Prosecutor and according to press information would be linked to the sentencing of mapuche youths from Chekenko last week.

Let us remember that the peñi turned themselves in after finding out that they were being accused in the death of landowner Gallardo Aillapan in order to prove their innocence. This act of good faith did nothing in the face of the racist antimapuche prejudice of the chilean justice system which convicted them in spite of a shortage of evidence against them and the contradictory evidence presented by the prosecutor.

This action against chilean interests in Wallmapu comes to demonstrate the rage of the mapuche of the region in the face of this new outrage against mapuche dignity and the good faith of the convicted youths.

Chilean Apartheid: Judicial crusade against the Mapuche people


Since October 2013 in occupied Wallmapu, a judicial crusade has developed against mapuche comuneros which as of december has condemned four youths to draconian sentences in two trials in the court of Angol.

In the beginning of October, Fernando Millacheo Marin was sentenced to 15 years and a day for repeated robbery with intimidation; Cristian Pablo Levinao Melinao to ten years and a day for robbery with intimidation, while Guido Bahamondes Gallardo was acquitted. On December 5th, another three youths were sentenced in Angol for similar charges in the case of the death of landowner Héctor Gallardo Aillapán.

But the processes don’t stop here, as at least two other trials are scheduled against comuneros in the rest of December: against the werkén Daniel Melinao, to begin monday the 16th, and in Lautaro, against comuneros of Lof Muko and Yeupeko Catrileo, on the 19th. In addition, they will soon fix a date in the case of the Machi Celestino Córdova, preparations for which have culminated in Temuco.

Daniel Melinao accused as “coauthor” of the death of corporal Hugo Albornoz

In April 2012 during a violent raid on the community of Wente Winkul Mapu, a seargant of the GOPE, Hugo Albornoz, was fatally injured. According to the women and elderly who resisted the police brutality of general Bezmalinovic for the umpteenth time, on that day several pickets of strongly armed police entered from different points into the small mapuche community in the valley of, shooting at anything that moved.

They say it was several times that the pickets entered and went through the community, going into houses and attacking everyone without discriminating whether they were young or old, man or woman.

Almost all the men were gone from the community when the police contingent was seen coming and several leaders had left early for the city. It is in this context that Corporal Albornoz was injured on the patio of one of the modest houses of Wente Winkul Mapu.

Police immediately removed him and later returned to the site to clean the area, and remove shell casings and all traces of the incident.

The media of the Chilean police institution declared that Corporal Albornoz had been injured in an ambush by unknown perpetrators on the public road that leads to the community.

They could not, however, clean up all the blood that the injured policeman lost, and the later expertise of the Investigational Police confirmed what the comuneros had said.

The treacherous raid where Corporal Albornoz died was not the first nor the last of the boorish attacks lead by Iván Bezmalinovic against Wente Winkul Mapu. There was so much extreme cruelty by the police against this community that the Supreme Court, on at least two occasions, had to explicitly order the police to especially respect the children and comply with legal procedure in their raids.

It is in this context, after more than a year of investigation and oddly without arriving at any result, that there emerged as a kind of divine revelation received by antimapuche prosecutor Luis Chamorro the imputation of “coauthor” of werkén Daniel Melinao in Albornoz’s death, the most public of the comuneros of Wente Winkul Mapu. And although no more is wielded against him than an elaborate interpretation of an equally elaborate telephonic know-how of Daniel’s cell phone, which would place him in the vicinity of the community that day, the antimapuche judicial enclave of Angol has kept him in jail for almost eight months to date.

On Monday the 16th begins the oral trial where the werkén is accused and, although without much expectation, we hope that during the proceeding the truth can come to light and he will be proven innocent.

The case of Machi Celestino Córdova

The case of Machi Córdova, the only defendant in the death of the Luchsinger-Mackay couple, is another case in which arrogance and a treacherous use of power seeks to imprison a comunero with no more evidence than the investigative team being “convinced” and the equal agreement of the biased judge about the participation of the mapuche religious authority in the act which culminated in the death of a settler couple.

The lack of proof in this case does not only make evident the ineptitude of the prosecutors, but also highlights the degree of underlying racial prejudice, not only in the chilean judicial system, but in all the state apparatus that maintains the occupation of Wallmapu since almost 150 years ago.

Piñera’s promise to his corporate peers:

President Sebastián Piñera entered office with the promise of taking a strong stance in the chilean-mapuche conflict and ending crime. At the end of his term, he has not been able to keep his word, but he has intensified his criticism and his pressure on the Judicial Power to get high penalties and lower probatory standards in mapuche cases.

After the electoral debacle of the right (and even before), Piñera has insisted on demonstrating a position of toughness, which leaves a suitable setting for getting convictions in emblematic cases. On the other hand, the new administration which will be installed in march will not want to take over the legal burden that looms, even from prior to the current government.

Scenario for conviction

This leaves for the period of november-march a favorable scenario to convict mapuche comuneros with little or no evidence.  We add to that that in Malleco, and in general throughout the region, there seems to be a species of antimapuche enclaves within the Judicial Power, principally in Angol, where the Supreme Court has repeatedly voided trials in which mapuche had been given very high sentences in the first instance. This is corroborated in cases like those of the comuneros of Wente Winkul Mapu, in which, upon appeals to the Supreme Court, they have been acquitted, or in the case of slain Rodrigo Melinao, absolved after death.

Kids who believed in chilean justice are convicted without evidence

The most recent of these cases is that of the youths Luis Marileo, Leonardo Quijón and Gabriel Valenzuela, knowing that they were accused of the death of landowner Héctor Gallardo voluntarily surrendered to the courts to demonstrate their innocence, but were convicted in spite of a shortage of evidence and the obvious contradictions in that which there was.

This most recent conviction is a clear example of the chilean judicial apartheid in Wallmapu, where the justice system is used as one more tool in the political prosecution of mapuche citizens.

For mapuche youth and for all the citizens of Wallmapu, this is a very clear message that to trust in chilean justice is a grave error which can be costly and which is the reason for those who bravely resist in clandestinity.

Political conviction against Mapuche youth of Lof Chekenko


Three young mapuche political prisoners belonging to the iconic Lof Chekenko were convicted this thursday in Angol, for the murder of landowner Héctor Gallardo. The injustice of chilean courts newly displays their marked racism in an electoral context where the entire chilean political class washes their hands of it.

Luis Marileo, Gabriel Valenzuela and Leonardo Quijón, who risk sentences of 25 years for Marileo; 30 for Quijón and 10 for Gabriel Valenzuela, were found guilty of the crime of robbery and murder of the farmer, which occurred the night of September 1st, 2012, in the interior of land area 22, in the sector of San Ramón.

Upon hearing the verdict, the families burst into tears and began a struggle with the police personnel stationed in the room, where there were also family members of the deceased landowner.

The comuneros‘ protest later moved to the outside of the courthouse, prompting the deployment of a heavy contingent of Police Special Forces. Various windows of the justice building were destroyed with stones and an indeterminate number of comuneros were detained.

The convicted belong to the communities of Wente Winkul Mapu and José Guiñón, of Lof Chekenko, and have been persecuted since a young age.

This conviction marks a precedent for future trials to come against Mapuche comuneros accused by the Chilean state. From now until march, when the new chilean government takes office, various emblematic cases are scheduled in the courts, among them the trial against the Machi Celestino Cordova and the Werken Daniel Melinao, where it is very likely that they will also be convicted, pues en in this scenario of elections nobody assumes the political responsibility for the convictions that are issued.  Prosecutions and convictions that clearly respond to a political persecution against the communities that maintain dignified processes of resistance and reconstruction in Wallmapu.

In Cordon Macul don’t vote! Get in the streets!


On the 18th, 20th and 22nd of November, in light of the recently ended electoral farce, we raised barricades and confronted the police (0s9, policía) in conjunction with comrades at 3 universities (UTEM, Uchile, Pedagógico), at the intersection of Macul and Grecia.

In the days of the next presidential election, Bachelet and Mattei, they speak to us through their means of communication (tv, radio, newspapers), about participation, equal opportunity, rights that lie ahead, the acclaimed progress… But knowing that they govern for the businessmen, exploiters and oppressors that drag us into a life of misery and death, why do they still govern us? Because “the people” keep voting, legitimizing their mandates… “We have been elected by the people and our right to govern (them) is legitimate…”

And is it only the elections that are why we live in this terrible way? If we don’t vote, will we stop living in misery?

And we are citizens whenever we behave as such, that is to say, whenever we do our part and what is expected of us: working, consuming… Voting every four years is not so important. It is through our behavior in the day to day, that we really reproduce this life we have been given.

The citizen today is the fundamental piece of “democracy”, the most important, most secure form of control and domination, and we live thinking we can move with total freedom, that we are free to choose, but we do nothing other than reproduce our misery.

But where is the resistance to precarity, to this exploitation and oppression, in not dressing like the rest, not eating this or that, in thinking differently, in saying that everything is bad, in stealing instead of buying, in taking from someone who has everything to give it to someone else?

And has this been sufficient? Have we stopped living in misery?

Today there is only unrest, this impossibility of expressing common resistance facing the daily conditions of precarity and misery in which we live.

While we still live in this capitalist society there will only be misery and death.

Some will say that there can be peaceful change, but history has demonstrated the contrary and continues to confirm it, when they repress and murder those who rebel against this life that pulls at us. But we know that in the end we will encounter the armed appendage of the state, military and police. They will do anything to stop the open conflict that is inevitable. The insurrection gets closer every day. Its causes and attempts to stop them, don’t depend on us or the government.

Despite their entire mobilized police contingent (November 22nd; 15 cazadores, 3 water cannons, 2 gas cannons, 2 vans and endless cars, motorcycles and civiles), despite all their preparation, their daily harassment, they did not manage to silence our unrest, our struggle. And we are ready to be in the struggle until the end, there is no other way. They will not be able to stop our discontent and our rage against those who have exploited and oppressed us day after day.

This is why we salute the comrades detained in Barcelona, by the spanish police, Mónica Caballero and Francisco Solar and the other comrades. To Hans Niemeyer and Celestino Córdova imprisoned by the chilean police for their struggle against this life of misery, against the businessmen and the latifundistas.

Our struggle against capitalism is global, and should be acted out in all possible scenarios, in every moment, everywhere.

Today we speak with the strength of anonymity that lives in each of us and we are learning to name the enemy .. To point him out. They have names, we have the power of anonymity… that discontent becomes action, in the force of anonymity lies the possibility that action could be done by anyone, we are the anonymous strength in everyone.

But remember, that we are here, waiting, but the moment will come, the insurrection advances and becomes inevitable… Your life becomes an act of sabotage.

The day’s results among others: blockades, an attack on the barracks of Os9, clashes with police, a zorrillo damaged by engine fire, among others.

That the insurrection become permanent, we cease to be citizens, to foster civil war

Cordón Macul, Santiago, Chile, November 27th, 2013

New montaje* of the Chilean state against sympathizers to the mapuche cause in Concepcion


On November 7th there was a demonstration in support of mapuche political prisoners.  The activity could not happen normally as police did not even allow protesters on the sidewalk. In this context, 23-year-old José Baeza Galleguillos was arrested along with four other youths: they were freed after processing, but José was moved to booking the next day, registering a number of outstanding minor offenses. However, now he is accused of having thrown molotov cocktails during a student march, which happened in Santiago in September of last year. After booking, he was transferred to Santiago for another hearing. Today he is in preventative detention in the Colina I jail in Santiago. Jose’s trial will be on the 9th of december, he faces between 3 and 10 years in prison.

The evidence that the prosecutor has presented, until now consists of a series of photos without any relevance. The contradiction is that there were no molotov cocktails in that march, only a streetlight was destroyed and those who participated had to do community service.

Just as they prosecute the mapuche political prisoners, Fernando Millacheo and Cristian Levinao, so today they prosecute those in active solidarity with the cause, José being a new political prisoner among the many that there are in this moment.

This new montaje of the Chilean state, is no more than one of many others in order to be able to frighten our comrades in struggle. If José is deprived of his liberty, the situation is no less of many anonymous fighters who are being investigated today and have cases pending on various grounds. The state makes accusation without proof to make us afraid, to attack our revolutionary morale.  This is why our task is to support comrades with everything in our power.

We firmly believe that we will succeed in securing his liberty, but for that we need to count on your support.

José: Your comrades, friends, and brothers and sisters in struggle will not rest until you are free!


*note: the word montaje, while no adequate direct translation exists, is used to signify a police frame-up or exaggerated legal case without merit. it often refers to a political witch-hunt.