Category Archives: mapuche

Mapuche prisoners of Ercilla call for courage and continued reclamation of land



To the national and international public, political prisoners of Angol prison Fernando Millacheo and Cristian Levinao declare the following:

We spent over two years in preventative prison and today we are sentenced to 15 and 10 years in the montaje “the Chiguayhue case”, in which we are accused of the supposed robbery with intimidation and aggravated homicide of small landowners in the region.

We as mapuche aware of the struggle that our communities re engaged in, declare that we are against these types of accusations, since the struggle is not against the small landholders but against the latifundistas and the forestry investors who invade and exploit our land.

We believe that these types of montajes are a maneuver of the ruling government to tarnish the just struggle for land, since they seek only to divide and debilitate the movement and the just demands of the mapuche people.

An expression of the above, are the exclusive prosecutors who are set on this type of case because rather than seeking the truth, these are political judgments, since they seek to scare the youth away from struggle.

One of their hounds is the prosecutor Chamorro, who in addition to evidence tampering and undermining his own legality by using anonymous witnesses, has been charged with imprisoning and persecuting those who have the consciousness to fight. It is thus that the judicial system, together with the police, is are no more than an element of repression from the dominant class and that it overall defends forestry companies, imperialist investments and all the latifundistas.

We strongly express that prison does not intimidate us, nor persecution, nor bullets, we are aware of the process that we are undertaking, we are prisoners for the land, it is for this that we call on our communities and especially the youth not to be intimidated by these enemies of the people who have mired our people in exploitation and oppression, their hands are stained with mapuche blood!!

We call on the conscientious people and especially on our communities to carry on with the just land reclamations of our people.


March, 2014.

Machi Celestino Córdova sentenced to 18 years in prison


This Friday the Oral Criminal Court of Temuco handed down a sentence of 18 years in prison to the machi Celestino Córdova, who was found guilty of the fire in which the latifundista couple Luchsinger-Mackay died, in Vilcún, mapuche territory.

“By a majority of votes, a Celestino Cerafín Córdova Tránsito -ya antes individualizado- is sentenced to a penalty of 18 years imprisonment, and perpetual disqualification from holding public political office, for being deemed the author of a fire resulting in death”, said the 120-page ruling.

The conviction, which was conducted under strict police presence, both inside and outside the courtroom, ended with the rejection of the request of the prosecutors, who had asked for qualified life imprisonment (40 years) and without the right to benefits.

Previously defense attorney Karina Riquelme announced that they will appeal for a mistrial, since the macho Córdova was convicted as a “collaborator”, and not actually the “author”.

While the reading was given in court, hundreds of people demonstrated outside in support of the mapuche authority, which ended in clashes with police.

Last february 20th, the chilean courts believed the prosecutor’s version of the supposed participation of the machi Córdova in the attack that happened the morning of january 4th, 2013 at the Granja Lumahue estate, where Werner Luchsinger and his wife Vivianne Mackay lost their lives.

After the reading, regional prosecutor of the Public Ministry and in this case, Cristian Paredes, commented that the ruling would be reviewed in full for future action, however he felt that at least, the years given to Córdova “are consistent with the gravity of the crime”.

“The penalty imposed is 18 years; 18 without the possibility of alternative benefits, therefore we think it is a sentence that at least partially fits the severity of the harm caused to the victims. We need to review the wording of the judgment. Today only a brief section was read concerning the most aggravated conditions (…) we must review the entire contents to ultimately decide whether we will ask for a mistrial”, said the prosecutor.

Meanwhile, the lawyer Carlos Tenorio, who represented the Luchsinger-Mackay  family at the trial, assured that the case was “very complex, in which proving a fire resulting in death is not easy. Particularly in this region.”

It should be remembered that the judges rejected the government’s classification of the events as “terrorism”.

The lawyer Pablo Ortega, who defended the ancestral mapuche authority of Lof Lleupeko, said that he is “calm. In fact he has told me that for his family, for his people, for his communities, he is prepared and in good spirits. Both he and his defense are hopeful about resources that will come in time, and that we can obtain the declaration of absolution that is what the defense believes in.”

Mapuche Resistance defies siege


A challenge to the state of siege imposed by the chilean state in Wallmapu, is how one could describe this new sabotage against the chilean occupation and its capitalist plunder, which occurred on the morning of December 31st in Malleco.

One forestry helicopter was burned and another partially damaged, events which occurred near Angol a small distance from a police station.

Additionally during the event a policeman was injured after being cornered by the “assailants”, as reported by several official media channels.

We remember that the government of Chile had ordered, a few days ago and for the umpteenth time, the increase of police presence in all Mapuche territory and the use of surveillance planes, deployed with infrared cameras and heat sensors, in order to control and monitor people’s movements especially at night.

None of this worked, nor the permanent police presence, to prevent unknown individuals from entering the site where a corporation that provides services to Forestal Mininco maintained two aircrafts and proceeding to corner one of the cops and set fire to one helicopter and partially dammed another.

Second attack on helicopters in the region

This is the second act to occur in the zone of Malleco which affects aircrafts of forestry companies, in another incident a helicopter which supplied water was hit by a bullet in a rural sector of Ercilla.

Forestry, the ugliest face of Capitalism in Wallmapu

The forestry corporations represent the worst face that capitalism can display to the mapuche citizens of Wallmapu, their unrelenting extraction activity produces only disaster for neighboring communities, toxic fumes, the disappearance of rivers, streams and ground water, as well as the extinction of all the natural flora and fauna of the region which serve as food and medicinal base for mapuche life, among others are the effects of this antisocial business financed by the chilean state through law decree 701.

On the other hand the huge tracts of land that the forestry companies currently own are lands stolen from mapuche communities, forest ownership cannot be understood without its direct relationship to the territorial dispossession of the Mapuche People.

Three families against a People

But this is not a business carried out only against the Mapuche People, but is exclusionary even for thousands of chileans whose taxes have financed it for over 20 years. Forest ownership is so concentrated that only thee families almost completely dominate the sector, Angelini, Matte and Carey, owners of Bosques Arauco, CMPC and Masisa respectively.

Only Bosques Arauco certifies almost 1,200,000 hectares this year while Forestal Mininco did so for almost 700,000, without counting lots that could not be certified. According to official information, the forestry companies own almost three million hectares in the south of Chile, that is, in Wallmapu, this is almost 30% of our Mapuche country, all the mapuche citizens, meanwhile, together do not have 700,000 hectares, which is nothing more than 7% of our historical territory.

The werkén Daniel Melinao was acquitted of charges for the death of GOPE sergeant Hugo Albornoz


The Oral Criminal Court of Angol absolved the werkén Daniel Melinao of the charges in which he was accused of being co-author of the murder of policeman Hugo Albornoz in April 2012, during a violent raid on the Wente Winkul Mapu del Lof Chekenko community. Outside the court, a group of mapuche comuneros arrived to perform a prayer.

The decision became known this morning following the audience of the reading of the verdict. In a split decision, two to one, the judges could not sustain the crude montaje brought by the prosecution along with the ministry of the interior in order to punish the struggle of Wente Winkul Mapu.

Now, it is expected, that the defeat of antimapuche prosecutor Luis Chamorro, will bring on a tantrum, insisting on his accusation, appealing to superior courts, or pushing for a mistrial.

Melinao was accused of being co-author of the death GOPE sergeant Hugo Albornoz. But the perpetrator according to the racist prosecutor Chamorro is Eric Montoya Montoya, who before he knew he would be charged in this case, he was pronounced to be in hiding after being convicted for the struggle of his community for the reclamation of mapuche territory occupied today by the latifundista businessman Juan de Dios Fuentes and due to the constant harassment from the prosecutor being suffered by him and his family.

According to the prosecutor, Eric Montoya Montoya received ammunition from Daniel Melinao, but since he could not prove the werken’s participation in the sergeant’s death, this story trips up the prosecutor’s thesis regarding the participation of the comuneros in the event. It even, to the contrary, reinforces the statement by the Wente Winkul Mapu community, that the death of the GOPE sergeant, happened by friendly fire, that is to say, he was killed by another policeman.

The prosecutor had asked for a sentence of 20 years for the aggravated homicide of a police official and also sought a penalty of ten years for Melinao for the crime of attempted murder against other policemen that same day and one year for damages.

Sabotages in Wallmapu unleash hysteria in the chilean government and its police apparatus


At least three new sabotages against chilean occupation have occurred in the last week, the arson of a private resort site on lake Lleu Lleu, a manor house in Vilcún and a forestry encampment in Lumaco, which has unleashed a hysterical reaction from the chilean government and its police apparatus in the region, as well as the wrath of businessmen and their political lackeys who have not hesitated to criticize their own government for the failure of its repressive policies against the mapuche movement.

This hysterical reaction generated by the resurgence of actions of resistance at various points in occupied Wallmapu, has brought police headquarters and the government to modify their plan of occupation, using state-of-the-art equipment like at least two spy planes to safeguard the peace of the occupants and control people’s movements especially at night in the region, while significantly increasing the number of police (120 new police officers) which is already high in Wallmapu.

These types of spying aircrafts, planes and helicopters are used officially for control of narcotrafficking, especially in the north of Chile, and their use in the containment of mapuche resistance had not been acknowledged until now by the chilean government. However, mapuche citizens from different communities in Wallmapu, since at least a year ago, have reported having seen or heard on several occasions the flyby of aircrafts almost imperceptible to the naked eye but that can be heard especially at night, such aircrafts could be drones of Israeli origin recently acquired by the Chilean government, and which are utilized widely by the terrorist army of Israel in the repression of the struggle of the Palestinian people.

Burned cabins on lake Lleu Lleu

One of the last private resort sites remaining on the southwest shore of lake Lleu Lleu was burned on the morning of december 23rd by unknown individuals.

According to press reports there were pamphlets found at the scene making reference to mapuche demands.

With this the north side of the lake is practically free of chilean investors and private interests and the reclamation of lakeside space for mapuche communities advances a few meters. And a few years ago lake Lleu Lleu was highly privatized and was practically foreign to the mapuche citizens in the area.

Since the beginning, in the early ’90s, of the new mapuche venture to regain control of the Lleu Lleu lakeside so far several estates have passed from private ownership to the hands of mapuche communities in various ways, some are still legally owned by forestry companies, however comuneros maintain firm territorial control of them.

Fire at manor house on Vilcún estate and burning of forestry encampment in Lumaco

On the morning of this past Friday December 27th, as stated in various official media, unknown individuals set fire to a manor house and a vehicle on the Santa Ana estate in Vilcún, usurped by a certain Gaston Escala, former president of the Chilean Chamber of Construction.

Furthermore on that same morning there was also the burning of a forestry encampment with various industry machinery on a property in Lumaco.

Matias Catrileo continues to struggle

These new actions of sabotage occur within the context of the emblematic antimapuche trials developing in various places in Wallmapu, as well as in the scenario of insane repression by the antimapuche military police against the peaceful marches of the communities and on the eve of the commemoration of weichafe Matias Catrileo being shot and the back and killed.

On January 3rd, 2008 Matias Catrileo was participating along with other comuneros in a peaceful occupation of the Santa Margarita estate in Vilcún when he was shot in the back by a machine gun, fired by ex sergeant Walter Ramirez, who has so far not spent a single day in jail for this treacherous crime.

Mobilizations in Cañete and Tirúa put forestry companies and chilean authorities on alert


Diverse highway blockades were reported on monday on the route that connects Cañete with Tirúa in the south of Arauco, this to protest the violent and irrational police repression suffered by almost a thousand people who marched in Angol on monday in support of the werken Daniel Melinao.

The blockades were reported in Quidico, Tranaquepe and San Ramón in Tirua and in Lleu Lleu and Huentelolén in Cañete, where chilean police arrested a comunero identified as Adrián Cipriano Huaiquipán, who was released on tuesday the 17th, with monthly sign-in and a 60 day probation period.

Permanent mobilization

During the din of last week and amid a preelectoral environment, the territory around lake Lleu Lleu was stained with smoke from a huge number of fires, as much in the riverbank north of the lake, as in the interior and south, this is the sector of the La Puntilla farm, and the El Canelo farm.

These are actions of resistance against the violent advance of the forestry companies that suffocate the communities. Companies like Arauco, Mininco and Volterra occupy mapuche territory in this region with impunity, pressing chilean authorities to do away with mapuche life and consolidate their profits, through deception, repression and imprisonment.


Fires were also reported in the lands of Rihue de Huentelolén, after an eviction raid by police.

Official media like Radio BioBio say that during the night on tuesday there were reports of confrontations between unknown individuals and police, as much in the Rihue farm as in El Canelo, in the latter there were five people injured, attended to inside the communities.

This police onslaught was orchestrated by police General Iván Bezmalinovic, responsible for the murder of Jaime Mendoza Collío and author of criminal attacks on the communities of Malleco, where women, children, and the elderly were injured.

note: although the editors of La Semilla Negra take issue with the sexist language in the last sentence of this piece (the equation of women with children and the elderly as a weaker demographic), we have chosen to translate and publish it in full for its overall content and importance.

Werkén Daniel Melinao from Angol prison: “The unity of our struggle is the strength we have to resist”


Angol prison, December 16th 2013

I, Daniel Melinao Melinao, Werken of the Community of Wente Winkul Mapu, Mapuche Political Prisoner, to the Mapuche people and the public in general:

Kiñe: I thank all the peñi and lamngen who stood in solidarity today by participating in the march in the city of Angol for the beginning of my oral trial. The unity of our struggle is the strength we have as mapuche to resist.

Epu: I want to express all my solidarity with the brothers and sisters detained, beaten and repressed by the police forces of the State of Chile. This is one more display of discrimination and violence against those who rise up to defend our rights as the Mapuche People-Nation.

Küla: Hoping everything turns out alright in the trial begun today, I hope to prove my innocence and keep resisting after 8 months of unjust incarceration.

Meli: However, we do not trust in chilean justice since we have constantly seen mapuche brothers convicted without evidence in the racist courts, especially at the command of of the antimapuche prosecutor Luis Chamorro, and with the lies of the police officials paid to defend the interests of big business.

Kechu: The Political Prisoners held at Angol prison call on the Mapuche People-Nation to keep mobilizing to control our ancestral territory and defend our Ñuke Mapu from capitalist exploitation. Especially to drive out forestry and all corporations who profit from preying on our territory.

¡¡Autonomy and Territorial Control!!


Daniel Melinao Melinao
Mapuche Political Prisoner
Werken, Wente Wingkul Mapu Community

Sabotage against trucks in response to the conviction of youths of Chekenko


A new action of sabotage against capitalist interests was carried out by unknowns in the vicinity of Collipulli. They burned two trucks in the estate of the Prosecutor and according to press information would be linked to the sentencing of mapuche youths from Chekenko last week.

Let us remember that the peñi turned themselves in after finding out that they were being accused in the death of landowner Gallardo Aillapan in order to prove their innocence. This act of good faith did nothing in the face of the racist antimapuche prejudice of the chilean justice system which convicted them in spite of a shortage of evidence against them and the contradictory evidence presented by the prosecutor.

This action against chilean interests in Wallmapu comes to demonstrate the rage of the mapuche of the region in the face of this new outrage against mapuche dignity and the good faith of the convicted youths.

Chilean Apartheid: Judicial crusade against the Mapuche people


Since October 2013 in occupied Wallmapu, a judicial crusade has developed against mapuche comuneros which as of december has condemned four youths to draconian sentences in two trials in the court of Angol.

In the beginning of October, Fernando Millacheo Marin was sentenced to 15 years and a day for repeated robbery with intimidation; Cristian Pablo Levinao Melinao to ten years and a day for robbery with intimidation, while Guido Bahamondes Gallardo was acquitted. On December 5th, another three youths were sentenced in Angol for similar charges in the case of the death of landowner Héctor Gallardo Aillapán.

But the processes don’t stop here, as at least two other trials are scheduled against comuneros in the rest of December: against the werkén Daniel Melinao, to begin monday the 16th, and in Lautaro, against comuneros of Lof Muko and Yeupeko Catrileo, on the 19th. In addition, they will soon fix a date in the case of the Machi Celestino Córdova, preparations for which have culminated in Temuco.

Daniel Melinao accused as “coauthor” of the death of corporal Hugo Albornoz

In April 2012 during a violent raid on the community of Wente Winkul Mapu, a seargant of the GOPE, Hugo Albornoz, was fatally injured. According to the women and elderly who resisted the police brutality of general Bezmalinovic for the umpteenth time, on that day several pickets of strongly armed police entered from different points into the small mapuche community in the valley of, shooting at anything that moved.

They say it was several times that the pickets entered and went through the community, going into houses and attacking everyone without discriminating whether they were young or old, man or woman.

Almost all the men were gone from the community when the police contingent was seen coming and several leaders had left early for the city. It is in this context that Corporal Albornoz was injured on the patio of one of the modest houses of Wente Winkul Mapu.

Police immediately removed him and later returned to the site to clean the area, and remove shell casings and all traces of the incident.

The media of the Chilean police institution declared that Corporal Albornoz had been injured in an ambush by unknown perpetrators on the public road that leads to the community.

They could not, however, clean up all the blood that the injured policeman lost, and the later expertise of the Investigational Police confirmed what the comuneros had said.

The treacherous raid where Corporal Albornoz died was not the first nor the last of the boorish attacks lead by Iván Bezmalinovic against Wente Winkul Mapu. There was so much extreme cruelty by the police against this community that the Supreme Court, on at least two occasions, had to explicitly order the police to especially respect the children and comply with legal procedure in their raids.

It is in this context, after more than a year of investigation and oddly without arriving at any result, that there emerged as a kind of divine revelation received by antimapuche prosecutor Luis Chamorro the imputation of “coauthor” of werkén Daniel Melinao in Albornoz’s death, the most public of the comuneros of Wente Winkul Mapu. And although no more is wielded against him than an elaborate interpretation of an equally elaborate telephonic know-how of Daniel’s cell phone, which would place him in the vicinity of the community that day, the antimapuche judicial enclave of Angol has kept him in jail for almost eight months to date.

On Monday the 16th begins the oral trial where the werkén is accused and, although without much expectation, we hope that during the proceeding the truth can come to light and he will be proven innocent.

The case of Machi Celestino Córdova

The case of Machi Córdova, the only defendant in the death of the Luchsinger-Mackay couple, is another case in which arrogance and a treacherous use of power seeks to imprison a comunero with no more evidence than the investigative team being “convinced” and the equal agreement of the biased judge about the participation of the mapuche religious authority in the act which culminated in the death of a settler couple.

The lack of proof in this case does not only make evident the ineptitude of the prosecutors, but also highlights the degree of underlying racial prejudice, not only in the chilean judicial system, but in all the state apparatus that maintains the occupation of Wallmapu since almost 150 years ago.

Piñera’s promise to his corporate peers:

President Sebastián Piñera entered office with the promise of taking a strong stance in the chilean-mapuche conflict and ending crime. At the end of his term, he has not been able to keep his word, but he has intensified his criticism and his pressure on the Judicial Power to get high penalties and lower probatory standards in mapuche cases.

After the electoral debacle of the right (and even before), Piñera has insisted on demonstrating a position of toughness, which leaves a suitable setting for getting convictions in emblematic cases. On the other hand, the new administration which will be installed in march will not want to take over the legal burden that looms, even from prior to the current government.

Scenario for conviction

This leaves for the period of november-march a favorable scenario to convict mapuche comuneros with little or no evidence.  We add to that that in Malleco, and in general throughout the region, there seems to be a species of antimapuche enclaves within the Judicial Power, principally in Angol, where the Supreme Court has repeatedly voided trials in which mapuche had been given very high sentences in the first instance. This is corroborated in cases like those of the comuneros of Wente Winkul Mapu, in which, upon appeals to the Supreme Court, they have been acquitted, or in the case of slain Rodrigo Melinao, absolved after death.

Kids who believed in chilean justice are convicted without evidence

The most recent of these cases is that of the youths Luis Marileo, Leonardo Quijón and Gabriel Valenzuela, knowing that they were accused of the death of landowner Héctor Gallardo voluntarily surrendered to the courts to demonstrate their innocence, but were convicted in spite of a shortage of evidence and the obvious contradictions in that which there was.

This most recent conviction is a clear example of the chilean judicial apartheid in Wallmapu, where the justice system is used as one more tool in the political prosecution of mapuche citizens.

For mapuche youth and for all the citizens of Wallmapu, this is a very clear message that to trust in chilean justice is a grave error which can be costly and which is the reason for those who bravely resist in clandestinity.

Political conviction against Mapuche youth of Lof Chekenko


Three young mapuche political prisoners belonging to the iconic Lof Chekenko were convicted this thursday in Angol, for the murder of landowner Héctor Gallardo. The injustice of chilean courts newly displays their marked racism in an electoral context where the entire chilean political class washes their hands of it.

Luis Marileo, Gabriel Valenzuela and Leonardo Quijón, who risk sentences of 25 years for Marileo; 30 for Quijón and 10 for Gabriel Valenzuela, were found guilty of the crime of robbery and murder of the farmer, which occurred the night of September 1st, 2012, in the interior of land area 22, in the sector of San Ramón.

Upon hearing the verdict, the families burst into tears and began a struggle with the police personnel stationed in the room, where there were also family members of the deceased landowner.

The comuneros‘ protest later moved to the outside of the courthouse, prompting the deployment of a heavy contingent of Police Special Forces. Various windows of the justice building were destroyed with stones and an indeterminate number of comuneros were detained.

The convicted belong to the communities of Wente Winkul Mapu and José Guiñón, of Lof Chekenko, and have been persecuted since a young age.

This conviction marks a precedent for future trials to come against Mapuche comuneros accused by the Chilean state. From now until march, when the new chilean government takes office, various emblematic cases are scheduled in the courts, among them the trial against the Machi Celestino Cordova and the Werken Daniel Melinao, where it is very likely that they will also be convicted, pues en in this scenario of elections nobody assumes the political responsibility for the convictions that are issued.  Prosecutions and convictions that clearly respond to a political persecution against the communities that maintain dignified processes of resistance and reconstruction in Wallmapu.