Category Archives: chile

Mapuche prisoners of Ercilla call for courage and continued reclamation of land

from paismapuche.org

PUBLIC COMMUNIQUE FROM FERNANDO MILLACHEO AND CRISTIAN LEVINAO

To the national and international public, political prisoners of Angol prison Fernando Millacheo and Cristian Levinao declare the following:

We spent over two years in preventative prison and today we are sentenced to 15 and 10 years in the montaje “the Chiguayhue case”, in which we are accused of the supposed robbery with intimidation and aggravated homicide of small landowners in the region.

We as mapuche aware of the struggle that our communities re engaged in, declare that we are against these types of accusations, since the struggle is not against the small landholders but against the latifundistas and the forestry investors who invade and exploit our land.

We believe that these types of montajes are a maneuver of the ruling government to tarnish the just struggle for land, since they seek only to divide and debilitate the movement and the just demands of the mapuche people.

An expression of the above, are the exclusive prosecutors who are set on this type of case because rather than seeking the truth, these are political judgments, since they seek to scare the youth away from struggle.

One of their hounds is the prosecutor Chamorro, who in addition to evidence tampering and undermining his own legality by using anonymous witnesses, has been charged with imprisoning and persecuting those who have the consciousness to fight. It is thus that the judicial system, together with the police, is are no more than an element of repression from the dominant class and that it overall defends forestry companies, imperialist investments and all the latifundistas.

We strongly express that prison does not intimidate us, nor persecution, nor bullets, we are aware of the process that we are undertaking, we are prisoners for the land, it is for this that we call on our communities and especially the youth not to be intimidated by these enemies of the people who have mired our people in exploitation and oppression, their hands are stained with mapuche blood!!

We call on the conscientious people and especially on our communities to carry on with the just land reclamations of our people.

AMULEPE TAIN WEICHAN!!
MARRICHIWEW!!

March, 2014.

Machi Celestino Córdova sentenced to 18 years in prison

from paismapuche.org

This Friday the Oral Criminal Court of Temuco handed down a sentence of 18 years in prison to the machi Celestino Córdova, who was found guilty of the fire in which the latifundista couple Luchsinger-Mackay died, in Vilcún, mapuche territory.

“By a majority of votes, a Celestino Cerafín Córdova Tránsito -ya antes individualizado- is sentenced to a penalty of 18 years imprisonment, and perpetual disqualification from holding public political office, for being deemed the author of a fire resulting in death”, said the 120-page ruling.

The conviction, which was conducted under strict police presence, both inside and outside the courtroom, ended with the rejection of the request of the prosecutors, who had asked for qualified life imprisonment (40 years) and without the right to benefits.

Previously defense attorney Karina Riquelme announced that they will appeal for a mistrial, since the macho Córdova was convicted as a “collaborator”, and not actually the “author”.

While the reading was given in court, hundreds of people demonstrated outside in support of the mapuche authority, which ended in clashes with police.

Last february 20th, the chilean courts believed the prosecutor’s version of the supposed participation of the machi Córdova in the attack that happened the morning of january 4th, 2013 at the Granja Lumahue estate, where Werner Luchsinger and his wife Vivianne Mackay lost their lives.

After the reading, regional prosecutor of the Public Ministry and in this case, Cristian Paredes, commented that the ruling would be reviewed in full for future action, however he felt that at least, the years given to Córdova “are consistent with the gravity of the crime”.

“The penalty imposed is 18 years; 18 without the possibility of alternative benefits, therefore we think it is a sentence that at least partially fits the severity of the harm caused to the victims. We need to review the wording of the judgment. Today only a brief section was read concerning the most aggravated conditions (…) we must review the entire contents to ultimately decide whether we will ask for a mistrial”, said the prosecutor.

Meanwhile, the lawyer Carlos Tenorio, who represented the Luchsinger-Mackay  family at the trial, assured that the case was “very complex, in which proving a fire resulting in death is not easy. Particularly in this region.”

It should be remembered that the judges rejected the government’s classification of the events as “terrorism”.

The lawyer Pablo Ortega, who defended the ancestral mapuche authority of Lof Lleupeko, said that he is “calm. In fact he has told me that for his family, for his people, for his communities, he is prepared and in good spirits. Both he and his defense are hopeful about resources that will come in time, and that we can obtain the declaration of absolution that is what the defense believes in.”

Mapuche Resistance defies siege

from metiendoruido.com

A challenge to the state of siege imposed by the chilean state in Wallmapu, is how one could describe this new sabotage against the chilean occupation and its capitalist plunder, which occurred on the morning of December 31st in Malleco.

One forestry helicopter was burned and another partially damaged, events which occurred near Angol a small distance from a police station.

Additionally during the event a policeman was injured after being cornered by the “assailants”, as reported by several official media channels.

We remember that the government of Chile had ordered, a few days ago and for the umpteenth time, the increase of police presence in all Mapuche territory and the use of surveillance planes, deployed with infrared cameras and heat sensors, in order to control and monitor people’s movements especially at night.

None of this worked, nor the permanent police presence, to prevent unknown individuals from entering the site where a corporation that provides services to Forestal Mininco maintained two aircrafts and proceeding to corner one of the cops and set fire to one helicopter and partially dammed another.

Second attack on helicopters in the region

This is the second act to occur in the zone of Malleco which affects aircrafts of forestry companies, in another incident a helicopter which supplied water was hit by a bullet in a rural sector of Ercilla.

Forestry, the ugliest face of Capitalism in Wallmapu

The forestry corporations represent the worst face that capitalism can display to the mapuche citizens of Wallmapu, their unrelenting extraction activity produces only disaster for neighboring communities, toxic fumes, the disappearance of rivers, streams and ground water, as well as the extinction of all the natural flora and fauna of the region which serve as food and medicinal base for mapuche life, among others are the effects of this antisocial business financed by the chilean state through law decree 701.

On the other hand the huge tracts of land that the forestry companies currently own are lands stolen from mapuche communities, forest ownership cannot be understood without its direct relationship to the territorial dispossession of the Mapuche People.

Three families against a People

But this is not a business carried out only against the Mapuche People, but is exclusionary even for thousands of chileans whose taxes have financed it for over 20 years. Forest ownership is so concentrated that only thee families almost completely dominate the sector, Angelini, Matte and Carey, owners of Bosques Arauco, CMPC and Masisa respectively.

Only Bosques Arauco certifies almost 1,200,000 hectares this year while Forestal Mininco did so for almost 700,000, without counting lots that could not be certified. According to official information, the forestry companies own almost three million hectares in the south of Chile, that is, in Wallmapu, this is almost 30% of our Mapuche country, all the mapuche citizens, meanwhile, together do not have 700,000 hectares, which is nothing more than 7% of our historical territory.

The werkén Daniel Melinao was acquitted of charges for the death of GOPE sergeant Hugo Albornoz

from paismapuche.org

The Oral Criminal Court of Angol absolved the werkén Daniel Melinao of the charges in which he was accused of being co-author of the murder of policeman Hugo Albornoz in April 2012, during a violent raid on the Wente Winkul Mapu del Lof Chekenko community. Outside the court, a group of mapuche comuneros arrived to perform a prayer.

The decision became known this morning following the audience of the reading of the verdict. In a split decision, two to one, the judges could not sustain the crude montaje brought by the prosecution along with the ministry of the interior in order to punish the struggle of Wente Winkul Mapu.

Now, it is expected, that the defeat of antimapuche prosecutor Luis Chamorro, will bring on a tantrum, insisting on his accusation, appealing to superior courts, or pushing for a mistrial.

Melinao was accused of being co-author of the death GOPE sergeant Hugo Albornoz. But the perpetrator according to the racist prosecutor Chamorro is Eric Montoya Montoya, who before he knew he would be charged in this case, he was pronounced to be in hiding after being convicted for the struggle of his community for the reclamation of mapuche territory occupied today by the latifundista businessman Juan de Dios Fuentes and due to the constant harassment from the prosecutor being suffered by him and his family.

According to the prosecutor, Eric Montoya Montoya received ammunition from Daniel Melinao, but since he could not prove the werken’s participation in the sergeant’s death, this story trips up the prosecutor’s thesis regarding the participation of the comuneros in the event. It even, to the contrary, reinforces the statement by the Wente Winkul Mapu community, that the death of the GOPE sergeant, happened by friendly fire, that is to say, he was killed by another policeman.

The prosecutor had asked for a sentence of 20 years for the aggravated homicide of a police official and also sought a penalty of ten years for Melinao for the crime of attempted murder against other policemen that same day and one year for damages.

Sabotages in Wallmapu unleash hysteria in the chilean government and its police apparatus

from paismapuche.org

At least three new sabotages against chilean occupation have occurred in the last week, the arson of a private resort site on lake Lleu Lleu, a manor house in Vilcún and a forestry encampment in Lumaco, which has unleashed a hysterical reaction from the chilean government and its police apparatus in the region, as well as the wrath of businessmen and their political lackeys who have not hesitated to criticize their own government for the failure of its repressive policies against the mapuche movement.

This hysterical reaction generated by the resurgence of actions of resistance at various points in occupied Wallmapu, has brought police headquarters and the government to modify their plan of occupation, using state-of-the-art equipment like at least two spy planes to safeguard the peace of the occupants and control people’s movements especially at night in the region, while significantly increasing the number of police (120 new police officers) which is already high in Wallmapu.

These types of spying aircrafts, planes and helicopters are used officially for control of narcotrafficking, especially in the north of Chile, and their use in the containment of mapuche resistance had not been acknowledged until now by the chilean government. However, mapuche citizens from different communities in Wallmapu, since at least a year ago, have reported having seen or heard on several occasions the flyby of aircrafts almost imperceptible to the naked eye but that can be heard especially at night, such aircrafts could be drones of Israeli origin recently acquired by the Chilean government, and which are utilized widely by the terrorist army of Israel in the repression of the struggle of the Palestinian people.

Burned cabins on lake Lleu Lleu

One of the last private resort sites remaining on the southwest shore of lake Lleu Lleu was burned on the morning of december 23rd by unknown individuals.

According to press reports there were pamphlets found at the scene making reference to mapuche demands.

With this the north side of the lake is practically free of chilean investors and private interests and the reclamation of lakeside space for mapuche communities advances a few meters. And a few years ago lake Lleu Lleu was highly privatized and was practically foreign to the mapuche citizens in the area.

Since the beginning, in the early ’90s, of the new mapuche venture to regain control of the Lleu Lleu lakeside so far several estates have passed from private ownership to the hands of mapuche communities in various ways, some are still legally owned by forestry companies, however comuneros maintain firm territorial control of them.

Fire at manor house on Vilcún estate and burning of forestry encampment in Lumaco

On the morning of this past Friday December 27th, as stated in various official media, unknown individuals set fire to a manor house and a vehicle on the Santa Ana estate in Vilcún, usurped by a certain Gaston Escala, former president of the Chilean Chamber of Construction.

Furthermore on that same morning there was also the burning of a forestry encampment with various industry machinery on a property in Lumaco.

Matias Catrileo continues to struggle

These new actions of sabotage occur within the context of the emblematic antimapuche trials developing in various places in Wallmapu, as well as in the scenario of insane repression by the antimapuche military police against the peaceful marches of the communities and on the eve of the commemoration of weichafe Matias Catrileo being shot and the back and killed.

On January 3rd, 2008 Matias Catrileo was participating along with other comuneros in a peaceful occupation of the Santa Margarita estate in Vilcún when he was shot in the back by a machine gun, fired by ex sergeant Walter Ramirez, who has so far not spent a single day in jail for this treacherous crime.

Information on the situation of Hermes González and Alfonso Alvial, arrested December 11th in Santiago.

from hommodolars.org

On December 11th comrades Hermes and Alfonso were arrested, in the comuna of Pudahuel, allegedly charged with participation in the assault on a Banco Estado in that comuna, where there was also murdered at the hands of a bastard and cowardly guardian of capital, the comrade Sebastián Oversluij Seguel. Later they were taken to the 26th precinct of Pudahuel, where they were informed that they would be transferred to court the next day.

On Thursday the 12th they were taken, to the anticipation and curiosity of the disgusting bourgeois press, to the Center of Justice, where at about 11am they were processed in the 1st Warrants Court of Santiago. In that hearing the prosecutor requested to expand the detention for three days in order to delay the formalization of the investigation for lack of antecedents and pending expertise, however, the defense opposed, and the court ordered that it be deferred until the afternoon.

At 4pm our comrades were entered into a new hearing where they were told the acts for which they were being investigated, formalized as robbery with intimidation and carrying prohibited firearms. Also, the prosecutor requested preventative detention arguing that the comrades were a danger to society, and of escape. The court granted the request, and decreed a 90 day period of investigation. The defense was entrusted to a Public Defender.

They were entered into the Maximum Security Section of the High Security Prison, where Hermes is on the third floor south, and Alfonso, on the third floor west. They have three hours in the courtyard together, two visits a week, and can receive packages on thursdays.

Donations for packages are being received at La Hiedra Library (Portales 2615) during Library hours (Tuesday, Wednesday and Friday from 7pm to 9pm). These donations can consist of nonperishables (vegetarian), and personal hygiene items (soap, razors, deodorant, toilet paper, and the like).

We call for solidarity in all forms with our imprisoned comrades!

Down with the prison walls!

for more English-language information, see translations available on War on Society and ContraInfo

Mobilizations in Cañete and Tirúa put forestry companies and chilean authorities on alert

from paismapuche.org

Diverse highway blockades were reported on monday on the route that connects Cañete with Tirúa in the south of Arauco, this to protest the violent and irrational police repression suffered by almost a thousand people who marched in Angol on monday in support of the werken Daniel Melinao.

The blockades were reported in Quidico, Tranaquepe and San Ramón in Tirua and in Lleu Lleu and Huentelolén in Cañete, where chilean police arrested a comunero identified as Adrián Cipriano Huaiquipán, who was released on tuesday the 17th, with monthly sign-in and a 60 day probation period.

Permanent mobilization

During the din of last week and amid a preelectoral environment, the territory around lake Lleu Lleu was stained with smoke from a huge number of fires, as much in the riverbank north of the lake, as in the interior and south, this is the sector of the La Puntilla farm, and the El Canelo farm.

These are actions of resistance against the violent advance of the forestry companies that suffocate the communities. Companies like Arauco, Mininco and Volterra occupy mapuche territory in this region with impunity, pressing chilean authorities to do away with mapuche life and consolidate their profits, through deception, repression and imprisonment.

Clashes

Fires were also reported in the lands of Rihue de Huentelolén, after an eviction raid by police.

Official media like Radio BioBio say that during the night on tuesday there were reports of confrontations between unknown individuals and police, as much in the Rihue farm as in El Canelo, in the latter there were five people injured, attended to inside the communities.

This police onslaught was orchestrated by police General Iván Bezmalinovic, responsible for the murder of Jaime Mendoza Collío and author of criminal attacks on the communities of Malleco, where women, children, and the elderly were injured.

note: although the editors of La Semilla Negra take issue with the sexist language in the last sentence of this piece (the equation of women with children and the elderly as a weaker demographic), we have chosen to translate and publish it in full for its overall content and importance.

Werkén Daniel Melinao from Angol prison: “The unity of our struggle is the strength we have to resist”

from paismapuche.org

Angol prison, December 16th 2013

I, Daniel Melinao Melinao, Werken of the Community of Wente Winkul Mapu, Mapuche Political Prisoner, to the Mapuche people and the public in general:

Kiñe: I thank all the peñi and lamngen who stood in solidarity today by participating in the march in the city of Angol for the beginning of my oral trial. The unity of our struggle is the strength we have as mapuche to resist.

Epu: I want to express all my solidarity with the brothers and sisters detained, beaten and repressed by the police forces of the State of Chile. This is one more display of discrimination and violence against those who rise up to defend our rights as the Mapuche People-Nation.

Küla: Hoping everything turns out alright in the trial begun today, I hope to prove my innocence and keep resisting after 8 months of unjust incarceration.

Meli: However, we do not trust in chilean justice since we have constantly seen mapuche brothers convicted without evidence in the racist courts, especially at the command of of the antimapuche prosecutor Luis Chamorro, and with the lies of the police officials paid to defend the interests of big business.

Kechu: The Political Prisoners held at Angol prison call on the Mapuche People-Nation to keep mobilizing to control our ancestral territory and defend our Ñuke Mapu from capitalist exploitation. Especially to drive out forestry and all corporations who profit from preying on our territory.

¡¡Autonomy and Territorial Control!!

¡¡¡Marichiwew!!!

Daniel Melinao Melinao
Mapuche Political Prisoner
Werken, Wente Wingkul Mapu Community

Three years since the massacre at San Miguel prison

from metiendoruido.com

It’s been three years since the massacre at San Miguel prison, where 81 male prisoners died. This terrible act openly exposed the critical state of the penitentiary system, the dramatic reality of the lives of prisoners in chilean jails, which for years have maintained overpopulation to the point of exceeding 300% overflow of their capacity; this is the case of the Lebu jail (with a 306% deficit in 2010) and the Buin jail (with a 600% deficit in 2010)1.

Some months before the massacre, in march 2010, the Council for Penitentiary Reform issued a report which highlights the necessity of counteracting the soaring penal population, and the deprivation of liberty as principal means of punishment. The investigation emphasized demonstrating how prison does not roll back rates of “delinquency” or much less achieve “social reinsertion” for those deprived of their freedom. However, the political class, knowing the results of this report and so many others, national and international, knowing in detail the critical conditions of the penitentiary system, puts effort into maintaining and strengthening it to the point of promoting the construction of ten new jails in the country, through a significant investment of more than $400 million in 2011, which simultaneously represented the growth of the prisoner population by an increase of 30% of the capacity of the prisons.

The prison policies of democratic governments reinforced by that of Piñera, have as their objective to consolidate social control based on the possibility for the population to be prisoners, and so to reaffirm the prison system as one of their principal dispositifs. The former is demonstrated by the explosive increase of the penitentiary population in Chile. From the reform of criminal procedure, between 1998 and 2009, from 60,990 to 106,877 people passed through the penitentiary system, representing a growth of 75%. This makes Chile the country with the largest prison population in all of Latin America.

Democratic governments lay the foundation for the people, through fear and mistrust, to validate their own cage and in this way justifies the maintenance of these human warehouses. This is the critical role played by “the media”, when given daily images of petty crime, pointing to minor robbery or theft in the street, or to microtrafficking in the towns as the principal causes of the origin of “social insecurity or public danger or the internal enemy”, even though they are lesser events than the commission of systemic violence.

The mass media manage to propagate, on the one hand, consumption through attractive advertising, but are also responsible for alarming the public about the possibility of losing everything. This is how one of the principal fears of the citizen is of losing what he consumes, of being robbed of what he acquired through hard work, through the burden of exploitation that is labor. The government knows this, and both the right and the left have won votes thanks to the common discourse of “a strong hand against crime”, but the crimes actually judged by the judiciary and dominant bourgeois and christian morals, are those which cause significantly less damage.

The laws are made NOT to punish the crimes that truly have greater social impact, because more people are affected. Fraud, torture, contamination of the environment, corruption, labor exploitation, trafficking, tax evasion, are actions by white collar men and women who nevertheless go unpunished simply because the laws were fabricated so that they are not punished or even rejected socially. Additionally the businesspeople, the politicians, the army and the religious who have committed crimes against humanity are not thrown in jail; for them there is no system of rehabilitation and continuous monitoring; and although they continuously and systematically attack the life and liberty of the people and of the community, they do not inhabit the prisons, and in the few cases where they do, the government invests a budget five times greater than what is spent for each common prisoner, to ensure their comfort. This has been the case for the few uniformed soldiers of genocide from the dictatorship who are currently in Punta Peuco. The conditions in this prison are the radical opposite, they don’t live in crowded conditions, they have visiting rights every day, the bathrooms are clean, they eat well, the guards act like their slaves, they can count on a defense, et cetera ad infinitum.

Today, almost three years since the massacre at San Miguel prison, knowing that the penitentiary system is a lucrative item for private corporations like Sodexo; knowing of the systematic violation of the most basic rights that a person deprived of liberty can have for their survival; aware of the poor state of the cells, of the hallways, of the bathrooms, of the overcrowding of both public and private prisons, knowing that on the street of the ex penitentiary there live 450 people and there are only 36 small rooms, meaning that up to 15 or 20 sleep in each, often sitting, or outdoors. Today remembering the grim assassination of the 81 prisoners of San Miguel:

We denounce the chilean state for sustaining the penitentiary system.

We denounce the chilean state for sustaining a regime of torture and systematic violation of rights.

We denounce the chilean state as ultimately responsible for the deaths of 81 men in San Miguel prison.

The prison system must end corresponding to the very politics of destruction of the dictatorial regimes. We are conscious that as the jail is a platform of transversal control, that will not discriminate among those who challenge and transgress the hegemonic systems of power: mapuche prisoners, student prisoners, undocumented prisoners, and those imprisoned for abortion, home farming, debt, piracy, protest, street sales. Prison society seizes us, and therefore it is necessary to jointly develop an anti-prison consciousness as part of our struggle.

We call on the people to integrate the end of the prison system into social demands and also to problematize the mechanisms of justice in the face of political crimes, in the face of the true terrorists who have attacked life itself and go unpunished, governing and generating the conditions that make us prisoners.

We make a fraternal call on this third anniversary to act in solidarity with the group 81 reasons to struggle, to act in solidarity with those deprived of their freedom in the chilean state, to act in solidarity with the imprisoned who suffer in isolation cells, those who have consciously resisted the dictatorship, for our children, for the 81 as well. ¡Freddy, Marcelo and Juan to the streets!

We call on this december 8th to express actions of solidarity with those in cages, as much in youth and adult jails as in psychiatry hospitals, to act in solidarity through visits, correspondence and protest. We call to break down the mental and physical walls that separate us.

¡81 MASSACRED PRISONERS IN SAN MIGUEL PRISON PRESENTES!

Support network for justice for the 81

note: the 2010 San Miguel prison fire in Santiago, reportedly started by burning mattresses during an altercation between rival prison gangs, was accompanied by reports that prison guards initially prevented local firefighters from entering the prison. It ultimately took three hours to bring the fire under control. The incident drew attention to overcrowding throughout the Chilean prison system – at the time of the fire, San Miguel housed 1,654 inmates; its official capacity is 892.

Sabotage against trucks in response to the conviction of youths of Chekenko

from paismapuche.org

A new action of sabotage against capitalist interests was carried out by unknowns in the vicinity of Collipulli. They burned two trucks in the estate of the Prosecutor and according to press information would be linked to the sentencing of mapuche youths from Chekenko last week.

Let us remember that the peñi turned themselves in after finding out that they were being accused in the death of landowner Gallardo Aillapan in order to prove their innocence. This act of good faith did nothing in the face of the racist antimapuche prejudice of the chilean justice system which convicted them in spite of a shortage of evidence against them and the contradictory evidence presented by the prosecutor.

This action against chilean interests in Wallmapu comes to demonstrate the rage of the mapuche of the region in the face of this new outrage against mapuche dignity and the good faith of the convicted youths.